The Geopolitical Factors of the Belt and Road Initiative in Latin America: The cases of Brazil and Mexico
Professors Miguel Montoya, Daniel Lemus, and Evodio Kaltenecker, all from the Instituto Tecnológico de Monterrey, wrote an article (link here) which analyzes how geopolitical factors impact the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in Latin America, in the context of the growing influence of China in the region. Specifically, these authors explain how Brazil and Mexico, […]
When supply chain meets Global Marketing: Will Corona lose its Mexican identity?
In the fourth quarter of 2019, the multinational brewing company Anheuser-Busch InBev (AB InBev) announced the beginning of the production of Corona outside of Mexico. No big deal, actually, because many multinationals spread geographically their supply chains to meet the global demand of their products. Such decisions make sense from a business perspective, because they […]
Innovation and Globalization of Executive Education Programs
Evodio Kaltenecker, Ph.D., Bárbara Mojarro, Ph.D Introduction Executive education is undergoing a gradual but radical transformation after two waves of transformation. In the first wave, which happened during the 1960s, the professionalism of faculty and the quality of the courses increased while in the second wave, during the 1990s, the global competition started and featured […]
Banking across borders: Cases of internationalization of retail banks
Introduction This article explores the international expansion of banks. Although there are large institutions with banking operations in many countries, a specific segment in banking – the retail business – evidences the difficulties of internationalization of financial services. For example, until the 1990s, international expansion was not common in retail. Except when serving ethnic communities, […]
Trade War US-China and the Impact on Latin America
The US, even before under President Donald Trump´s administration, has complained about China’s trading practices, and recently the US raised tariffs from 10 per cent to 25 per cent on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods. As expected, a few days later China retaliated with tariff hikes on $60bn of US goods, starting “the largest […]
When Technology meets Strategy: Impacts of Industry 4.0
INTRODUCTION Today, the Fourth Industrial Revolution represents a new technological paradigm, where digital systems, the Internet, and the conventional industry will merge together, leading to a transformation of the multinational companies. Industry 4.0 (or I4.0, another name for the current technological era) has captured the interest of many stakeholders, among them top-level executives, governments and […]
Should the US break up Google, Amazon, Facebook, and Apple? What is the future of Big Tech?
Introduction: “FAAG”: We should get used with this acronym, which stands for Facebook, Apple, Amazon, and Google. These companies share many things: they are high tech businesses, highly successful, extremely profitable, and part of the daily lives of billions of people around the globe. A recent commonality is that they are involved in a debate […]
Should Apple buy Netflix? Is the Era of AppleFlix coming?
Introduction Rumours that Apple will acquire Netflix have been around since 2016 but have increased lately. Although Netflix is surely an expensive M&A target, with a market valuation of US$ 156 billion , Apple has deep pockets to fund such impressive movement, as the company sits on a pile of more than US$ 230 billion […]
International Expansion of Non-Governmental Organizations
Evodio Kaltenecker, Ph.D., and Mike Szymanski, Ph.D. Introduction Governments are the primary entities responsible for fighting some of the world´s main problems: the abuse of human right abuses, poverty, hunger, global warming, gender inequality, for instance. However, the last decades witnessed the rise of a specific type of social actor, the non-profit, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). […]
Internationalization of Family-Owned Multinationals
This article presents the internationalization strategy of selected family-run/family-owned multinational companies. The general perspective is to discuss the different internationalization paths presented by different family multinationals and to describe their entry-modes in foreign markets. The cases include family-controlled enterprises from the United States, India, Mexico, South Korea, China, Sweden, and Brazil. WALMART Walmart, a US-based […]